What's the difference between a "reservation" and a "booking?" A Reservation consists of one or more Bookings. That's it.
Every booking belongs to a reservation. EMS lets you have multiple bookings under a single reservation. When you have multiple bookings in a reservation, each booking can be independent of the other, such as reserving a set of rooms for an event, or can be a series of bookings under a Recurring reservation.
Each booking can contain multiple Booking Details, which are the resources and services required to support the booking (such as catering and room setup).
Reservations: Who and What
A reservation is the "who and what" of an event. For example, the Academic Planning Board (the who) may reserve space for a Semester Kickoff event (the what).
Bookings: Where and When
A booking is the "where and when" of an event. For example, the Academic Planning Board schedules the conference room (the where) for a staff meeting on the second Monday in January (the when). The Academic Planning Board now has a single reservation with a single booking in EMS. If, however, they schedule the conference room (the where) for a staff meeting on the second Monday of each month for a year (the when), then the board now has a single reservation with 12 bookings.
A booking can have one or more booking details associated with it. Booking details are the resources (items for the meeting) or services (people and their activities) that are needed for an event, the notes for the event, the activities for the event, the room charges for the event, or any combination of these. For example, for the Academic Planning Board’s staff meeting, the resources could include catering (coffee service, bagels and muffins, and so on) and A/V equipment, plus the services of a person bringing in and setting up a projector, moving a speaker’s podium, and so on).
System Administrators configure "buckets" of these details as "Categories," which streamlines the process of adding details to bookings.
- Concept: Services, Categories, and Resources: What's the Difference? (click to expand)
In EMS, you may hear these terms used interchangeably sometimes, however, they are different concepts.
A Category in EMS is anything you might add to a Booking such as Catering, Audio Visual, Furniture, Security, Notes, Attendee Names, Agendas etc. When you configure a Category, however, it must be of six Category types: Activities, Attendees, Catering, Notes, Resources with Service Orders, or Resources Without Service Orders. These types cause the service to behave slightly differently when added to a booking. For example, a Notes/Activities/Attendees type service category does not require the EMS Administrator to configure items under it and there is nothing for a person to “select” from these types of services.
By contrast, a service category that has a type of Catering, Resource with Service Order, or a Resource without a Service Order Category, will require the Administrator to create items under it. For example, an "AV Equipment" service category (configured as a Resource without a Service Order Category type) might have items under it such as a flip chart, whiteboard, (under AV Equipment). The person requesting the service for this meeting would then select AV equipment; then flipchart and whiteboard would be typical options to add to the event.
Tip: The following Category Types allow Production Items: Catering, Resources with Service Orders, and Resources Without Service Orders.
Furthermore, a Category can be configured to "Use States" so that when a service is requested with a meeting, it can be managed through a review and approval process in the Manage Services toolbar option in EMS Desktop Client.
See Also: Adding Services